Thursday, March 22, 2018

Sri Ramakrishna on nitya-siddha bhaktas (ever-perfect devotees since birth)

Sri Ramakrishna (to Rakhal's father and the devotees): "Ah, what a nice character Rakhal has developed! Look at his face and every now and then you will notice his lips moving. Inwardly he repeats the name of God, and so his lips move.

"Youngsters like him belong to the class of the ever-perfect. They are born with God-Consciousness. No sooner do they grow a little older than they realize the danger of coming in contact with the world. There is the parable of the homa bird in the Vedas. The bird lives high up in the sky and never descends to earth. It lays its egg in the sky, and the egg begins to fall. But the bird lives in such a high region that the egg hatches while falling. The fledgling comes out and continues to fall. But it is still so high that while falling it grows wings and its eyes open. Then the young bird perceives that it is dashing down toward the earth and will be instantly killed. The moment it sees the ground, it turns and shoots up toward its mother in the sky. Then its one goal is to reach its mother.

"Youngsters like Rakhal are like that bird. From their very childhood they are afraid of the world, and their one thought is how to reach the Mother, how to realize God.

"You may ask, 'How is it possible for these boys, born of worldly parents and living among the worldly-minded, to develop such knowledge and devotion?' It can be explained. If a pea falls into a heap of dung, it germinates into a pea-plant none the less. The peas that grow on that plant serve many useful purposes. Because it was sown in dung, will it produce another kind of plant?

"Ah, what a sweet nature Rakhal has nowadays! And why shouldn't it be so? If the yam is a good one, its shoots also become good. (All laugh.) Like father like son." 

(Yam generally means sweet potato. It is common name for certain type of plant spieces)

The essence is those who have done intense meditation in last life or lives, but have somehow failed to attain samādhi or ātmasākshātkāra (Self Realisation), again take birth. In the new brith i.e. their current life, like jaḍa Bharata, their mind is so matured that it never gets attached to any worldly object or person. They may do work, but are loosely attached to it and can easily disconnect from any situation. When proper time comes they meet their guru and upon first sight develop deep devotion towards him and unconditionally surrender to him. They develop intense faith in both guru and Īśvara and never doubt the words of their guru. Heart of such person is always attracted towards or pointed towards Īśvara. This is because of their merits in last life or past lives. Their spiritual progress is very fast as compared to others and have great clarity on meditative path and on the essence of śāstra-s. Their only goal of life is moksha.

Here Sri Ramakrishna explains their surrender of heart to Īśvara and constantly longing for Īshvara by giving an analogy of chātaka bird (homa bird). Nothing less than Īśvara is acceptable to them. Nothing more can be achieved. 

Another example pea is given to explain their purity of antaḥkaraṇa is given. They have sattva guṇa as predominant guṇa to such an extend that they never get impure even when staying in the world. Again this is due to the merits of their past karma. a mango seed will grow to be a mango trē only and not apple trē. Even if a pea (seed) falls into heap of dung, it will  grow into pea tree. Whatever the surrounding, pea will absorb nutrients according to it's guṇa and will mature into a pea tree and not any other tree. In one garden, which has same type of soil, equal amount of fertilizer, water and sunlight, many plants are sown. A rose plant will always give rose flowers and a mogra plant will always give mogra flowers. nitya-siddha koṭi-s i.e. those who are ever-perfect class of people, their mind is so pure that it does not absorb impure vibrations or thoughts but keep thinking about Īśvara only. A purified mind does not have any worldly desires, but only one desire - moksha or Īśvara darśana. Since purified mind or antaḥkaraṇa  does not have any worldly desires, so it is not attracted towards worldly person or object. Nitya-siddha-s have such purified mind since birth as a result of merit of past karma-s.

Source: Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna

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