Friday, July 18, 2014

English Translation of Kapila Gita (Full)

|| Hari OM ||

English Translation of Kapila Gita (Full)


Kapila Gita found in the 3rd skanda (canto) of bhAgavat purANa. It consists of three chapters. Kapila Gita is unique in it's own way as it teaches advaita-bhakti.

Chapter - I

DevahUti-r-uvAca (Devahuti Said)

KG 1.1: O Infinite Lord! I am extremely exhausted from gratifying these deceptive
Senses. I have fallen into blindening darkness that has risen form this gratification.

KG 1.2: By Thy Grace, at the end of many lifetime, I have gained in You an excellent eye (guide) that can penetrate that blindening darkness of ignorance and infatuation which if difficult to cross. 

KG 1.3: Indeed, Thou art the Lord of all Beings, verily the lord who is the origin of the word, born like the sun, the eye of the beings blinded by the darkness of ignorance.  

Following verses describes nature of ignorance

KG 1.4: O Lord! Thou art capable of destroying my delusion which is the false identification with the body and world as `I`and `mine`, as it is imposed by thee only. 

devahUti concludes, saying:

KG 1.5: With a thirst for knowledge of matter and spirit, I take refuge in you, the only shelter, the veritable axe that cuts the tree of samsAra of Your servant. I prostrate to you, the greatest amongst the knowers of the noble truth. 

SrI bhagavAn-uvAca (The Lord replies)

KG. 1.6: According to me, the spiritual yoga is the only means of attaining the supreme good for all mankind where there is a total cessation of both sorrow and joy. 1.6

KG 1.7: O sinless one! I shall expound to you that yoga, with all its aspects, which was earlier taught to rishi-s who were eager to listen.

KG 1.8: It is considered by Me that it is the mind, indeed, that is the cause for bondage and liberation of the Self

How can one revel in God? The Lord answers –

KG 1.9: For spiritual seekers, for attaining the Reality, there is no path as auspicious as devotion, which unites one to the Lord who is the Self of all beings.

KG 1.10: Extreme attachment (to the world) is an unbreakable rope for the Self – say learned men. The same when done for noble men, opens the gateway to liberation.

KG 1.11: Peaceful men of forbearance and compassion, without enemies, and the well wishers of all beings, are the best among all noble people.

KG 1.12-13: Various worldly afflictions do not trouble those who practice firm devotion in Me, with an unwavering mind, having given up all actions, relations, and friends for My sake; who depend on Me alone, who listen and tell My sweet stories, and whose mind is absorbed in Me.

KG 1.14: O noble lady (mother)! You should seek the company of those noble souls who are free of all attachments as they remove all your worldly attachments.

devahUti-uvAca (devahUti says)

KG 1.15: DevahUti said – What is appropriate devotion and how will it manifest for me, by which I will quickly gain Your adobe of freedom?

KG 1.16: O embodiment of nirvana! What is that yoga that You indicated, whose object is You? How and what are its limbs? Please tell me the yoga by which I will know the Reality.

KG 1.17: O Hari! Do make me understand that difficult yoga such that I, a dull-witted woman, too, can easily understand it by your Grace.

SrI BhagavAn-uvAca (The Lord Said)

KG 1.18-19: Devotion is the single-pointed natural flow of thoughts along with senses by the guNa-s and actions understood by the scriptures, towards the Lord who is purity itself. It is causeless, pertaining to the Lord, superior to all siddhi-s and destroys the covering of ignorance just as fire swallows all that is put in it.

Devotion Reveled

KG 1.20-21: Some devotees do not desire to become one with Me. They revel in serving My feet and doing activities for Me. They assemble together and enjoy My work


Advaita devotees never perish

KG 1.22: Those for whom I am the supreme beloved, the Self, son, friend, Guru, well-wisher, and dear Lord (ISTa deva); and who meditate on My peaceful form, never perish as unwinking time has no power over them. Kapila Gita 1.22

Jiva is renounced


KG 1.23-24: I take such devotees across death who, having renounced all others, this world, the other world, the jiva-hood that goes from this world to the other, the body, and all that relates to it like prosperity, animals, and houses, worship Me alone of universal form with single pointed devotion - Kapila Gita 1.23-24

Chapter – II

SrI bhagavAn-uvAca (The Lord said)

KG 2.1: I shall now explicitly expound to you the differentiating characteristics of various entities, knowing which man becomes free of various entities, knowing which a man becomes free from the qualities of prakriti.

KG 2.2: I shall describe to you that knowledge about which great sages speak, which is the means to the supreme good of man, which gives Self-knowledge and cuts the knots of the heart.  

PuruSa was attribuless before creation
KG 2.3: Before creation, the PuruSa was the beginningless Self, attributeless, beyond prakriti, the very subject and Self-shining, and even now it alone pervades the world

Swami Tejomayananda further explains the meaning of AtmA (Self) from viShNu purANa as - 
AtmA is that which pervades (the universe), takes back (the universe at the time of dissolution), enjoys (as the illuminator or experiencer of) objects here (in the world), and has eternal existence.

PuruSa manifested as Prakriti – Brahman getting deluded

KG 2.4: The same infinite Lord, by chance alone, in sport, became manifested as the subtle prakriti with qualities.

KG 2.5: Prakriti with its qualities creates a variety of being like itself. The Lord/Self having seen the creation got (as it were) completely deluded through the veiling of knowledge.
KG 2.6: Thus, by brooding over the other (prakriti), man assumes doership of actions that are actually done by the qualities of prakriti.
Cause of Bondage of sansAra

KG 2.7: That doership causes bondage of samsAra and enslaves this non-doer, witness, and peaceful Self, the Lord.
Discrimination between puruSa and prakriti
KG 2.8: The great sages know that prakriti is the cause of the cause-effect relationship and the notion of doership, and puruSa which is beyond prakriti is the cause of the enjoyment of joy and sorrow.
Is puruSa really bound by prakriti? The Lord answers,
PuruSa does not get affected by prakriti

KG 2.9: The puruSa, even though dwelling in prakriti, does not get affected by the qualities of prakriti, as he is immutable, non-doer, and attributeless like the sun in water.
 
KG 2.10: When the puruSa gets overwhelmingly attached to the qualities of prakriti and gets deluded by the notion of doing, he then considers “I am the doer”
KG 2.11: Because of this attachment and doership, he helplessly reaches the state of a samsArI and becomes unhappy. Due to the evil of action born of attachment, he is born in good, bad and middling wombs.
Objects do not exist in reality

KG 2.12 Indeed, even though objects do not exist really, the samsAra does not seem to end. Just as one who broads on objects meets with disaster alone, even in the dream. Kapila Gita 2.12

KG 2.13: Therefore, the mind which is extremely attached to wrong ways should be slowly brought under control by intense practice of devotion and dispassion.
How can there be freedom in the presence of qualities of Prakriti?
DevAhUti, has doubts as how can one get rid of prakriti
KG 2.14: O Lord! What if the prakriti does not leave the puruSa due to mutual interdependence and eternal coexistence?
DevahUti gives an example to support her point.
KG 2.15: Just as smell cannot exist without earth, sapidity without water, in the same way there is mutual dependence and coexistence of the mind (prakriti) and the Supreme (puruSa)

KG 2.16: Therefore, how can there be freedom in the presence of the qualities of prakriti? (For prakriti) causes the bondage in action to the puruSa who is a non-doer.
Finally, devahUti concludes
KG: 2.17: Sometimes, by the discrimination of truth, the terrible fear (on bondage) is removed. But since it's cause is not removed, it may come back again.

Reply

Kapila Muni, the Lord replies,
KG 2.18-20: The bondage of puruSa by prakriti is burnt up by spiritual practices performed day and night by prakriti (body-mind) itself, like the fuel by the fire in the cup of the araNi. The practices are causeless ("choiceless) performance of one's duties, purity of mind, intense devotion to Me, nourished by constant listening, knowledge with clear vision of Truth, strong dispassion, intense meditation accompanied by austerity, and absorption of the mind.

jIva does not get deluded when -
KG 2.21: That prakriti which has been completely enjoyed, then discarded, whose evil effects are seen constantly, can cause no harm to one who abides in the glory of one's own Self.
The above statement is explained further with the help of example.
KG: 2.22: Just as a dream causes a lot of sorrow to one who has not awaken, but the same does not delude one who has woken up.
A person when asleep dreams and takes a role where he enjoys, suffers but on awakening, he realizes that everything was illusion and not a reality. Further bhagavAn says,
KG 2.23: In the same way, prakriti never harms him  who knows the Truth and who revels in the Self, as his mind is always united with Me.

Earlier, it was said that puruSa was formless and attributeless (without qualities) prior to creation. Our journey too is to go back to this state where there is no one else other than Self.

KG 2.24: O mother! When the mind of the accomplished one does not get attached to the powers gained by the intense practice of yoga, for which (powers) there is no other cause, then one gains My absolute state where there is no laughter of death.

Chapter - III

Who should not be taught Kapila Gita

KG 3.1-2: This knowledge should not be taught to the wicked, the arrogant, the stubborn, the one with bad conduct, a hypocrite, an indulgent one, one whose mind is obsessed with home, one who is not devoted to Me and also one who dislikes My devotees.

Who are worthy of being taught Kapila Gita

KG 3.3-4: This knowledge should be given to one with faith, devotion, humility, who is uncarping, a friend of all, revels in serving all, dispassionate, peaceful free of envy, pure, and to whom I am the dearest of all.

Phala shruti (benefits of reading and teaching Kapila Gita)

KG 3.5: O mother! The person who listens to this knowledge even once with faith or teaches this knowledge with their mind in Me, indeed, attains my state.

devahUti, being so transported, sings the glory of the Lord

Praises by devahUti

devahUti sings:

KG 3.6: Even a dot-eater becomes fit for sacrificial rituals (purified), by listening to and chanting Your name, by prostration to You, and by remembering You even once. What of them, O Lord, who actually see you?

KG 3.7: Indeed, even a dog-eater is great who chants Your name. Those noble men who chant Your name, must have already practiced austerities, performed sacrificial rituals, taken holy bath, and studied the veda-s.

KG 3.8: I salute You who are the Reality, the Supreme puruSa, viShNu incarnated as kapila, who are meditated upon within the inward flow of thoughts, who, by His brilliance destroys the might of the qualities of prakriti and who is the source of the veda-s.

Kapila muni gives his final words of advice in two verses:

Kapila-uvAca (Lord Kapila says)

KG 3.9: O mother! By abiding in this easy-to-practise path, revealed by me to you, you shall are long reach the Supreme goal.

KG 3.10: Have faith in this teaching of mine which is worshipped by the seekers / knowers of Brahma-vidyA. You shall reach My unborn state by it. Those who do not know it reach death.

maitreya Rishi was narrating the story of kapila muni to Vvdura. He concludes the narration with following verses:

maitreya-uvAca (Maitreya said)

KG 2.11: Thus, Lord kapila, having shown His own nature to that noble lady, His own mother, who was now a knower of Reality, took her permission and went away.
KG 2.12: she also, staying in the ASrama on the banks of sarasvatI, by the method of yoga taught by her own son, united in yoga, quietened her mind.


Jiva is destroyed - Nirvikalp Samadhi

KG 3.13: Due to the elimination of jIva-hood, and the mind firmly abiding in th Reality, the Lord, who is the support of all jIva-s, her allictions were destroyed and she attained total peace.


KG 3.14: As her mind remained absorbed in the Truth, she transcended the delusion of the qualities of prakriti and, at that time, did not even remember her body like the one who awakes (does not remember) objects seen in the dream.

devahUti was not aware of her physical body

KG 3.15: That body, nourished by others was not even emaciated due to absence of mental afflictions. It was covered with dirt like fire with smoke.

KG 3.16: Her mind absorbed in vAsudeva, devahUti, was unaware of her own body which was transformed by austerity and yoga, and protected by God, she sat with hair open, unconscious even of her clothes.

KG 3.17 It is said that by the path taught by kapila muni. devahUti soon attained the Supreme elf, the ever liberated Reality, the Lord.

phala shruti (fruits of listening to t=Kapila gita) is given in last verse.

KG 3.18: Those who continuously listen to or teach this teaching of kapila muni, the secret of Self knowledge, get their mind absorbed in Lord viShNu and attain the lotus feet of the Lord.

Thus ends Kapila gita.

|| OM tat sat ||

Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Gems from Kapila Gita

|| Hari OM ||

Pranams,

Bhagavat Purana is known for it's bhakti rasa. It also has many sloka-s that support advaita. In the 3rd skandha, there is a discussion between mother devAhuti, a disciple, and her son, Lord Kapila Muni, Guru. Here the Kapila Muni is different than to Kapila Muni of sankhya philosophy as pointed out by Swami Tejomaananda in his commentary on Kapila Gita.

We have listed a few verses here.


Advaita devotees never perish


KG 1.22: Those for whom I am the supreme beloved, the Self, son, friend, Guru, well-wisher, and dear Lord (ISTa deva); and who meditate on My peaceful form, never perish as unwinking time has no power over them. Kapila Gita 1.22


Jiva is renounced


KG 1.23-24: I take such devotees across death who, having renounced all others, this world, the other world, the jiva-hood that goes from this world to the other, the body, and all that relates to it like prosperity, animals, and houses, worship Me alone of universal form with single pointed devotion - Kapila Gita 1.23-24


Jiva is destroyed - Nirvikalp Samadhi


KG 3.13: Due to the elemination of jIva-hood, and the mind firmly abiding in th Reality, the Lord, who is the support of all jIva-s, her allictions were destroyed and she attained total peace.

KG 2.14: As her mind remained absorbed in the Truth, she transcended the delusion of the qualities of prakriti and, at that time, did not even remember her body like the one who awakes (does not remember) objects seen in the dream.

PuruSa was attribuless before creation

KG 2.3: Before creation, the PuruSa was the beginningless Self, attributeless, beyond prakriti, the very subject and Self-shining, and even now it alone pervades the world - Kapila Gita 2.3


Swami Tejomayananda further explains the meaning of AtmA (Self) from viShNu purANa as - 
AtmA is that which pervades (the universe), takes back (the universe at the time of dissolution), enjoys (as the illuminator or experiencer of) objects here (in the world), and has eternal existence.


PuruSa manifested as Prakriti


KG 2.4: The same infinite Lord, by chance alone, in sport, became manifested as the subtle prakriti with qualities. Kapila Gita 2.4
KG 2.5: Prakriti with its qualities creates a variety of being like itlsef. The Lord/Self having seen the creation got (as it were) completely deluded through the veiling of knowledge. - Kapila Gita 2.5


PuruSa does not get affected by prakriti


KG 2.9: The puruSa, even though dwelling in prakriti, does not get affected by the qualities of prakriti, as he is immutable, non-doer, and attributeless like the sun in water. - Kapila Gita 2.9


Objects do not exist in reality


KG 2.12 Indeed, even though objects do not exist really, the samsAra does not seem to end. Just as one who broads on objects meets with disaster alone, even in the dream. Kapila Gita 2.12


How can there be freedom in the presence of qualities of Prakriti?


DevAhuti, has doubts as how can one get rid of prakriti

KG 2.14: O Lord! What if the prakriti does not leave the puruSa due to mutual interdependence and eternal coexistence?


Devahuti gives an example to support her point.


KG 2.15: Just as smell cannot exist without earth, sapidity without water, in the same way there is mutual dependence and coexistence of the mind (prakriti) and the Supreme (puruSa)

KG 2.16: Therefore, how can there be freedom in the presence of the qualities of prakriti? (For prakriti) causes the bondage in action to the puruSa who is a non-doer.


Finally, devahuti concludes


KG: 2.17: Sometimes, by the discrimination of truth, the terrible fear (on bondage) is removed. But since it's cause is not removed, it may come back again.

Reply

Kapila Muni, the Lord replies,

KG 2.18-20: The bondage of puruSa by prakriti is burnt up by spiritual practices performed day and night by prakriti (body-mind) itself, like the fuel by the fire in the cup of the araNi. The practices are causeless ("choiceless) performance of one's duties, purity of mind, intense devotion to Me, nourished by constant listening, knowledge with clear vision of Truth, strong dispassion, intense meditation accompanied by austerity, and absorption of the mind.

In Bhagavad Gita,  it is mentioned BG 3.28 Guna guneshu vartante (गुणा गुणेषु वर्तन्ते)
 
jIva does not get deluded when -

KG 2.21: That prakriti which has been completely enjoyed, then discarded, whose evil effects are seen constantly, can cause no harm to one who abides in the glory of one's own Self.
The above statement is explained further with the help of example.
KG: 2.22: Just as a dream causes a lot of sorrow to one who has not awaken, but the same does not delude one who has woken up.


A person when asleep dreams and takes a role where he enjoys, suffers but on awakening, he realizes that everything was illusion and not a reality. Further bhagavAn says,


KG 2.23: In the same way, prakriti never harms him  who knows the Truth and who revels in the Self, as his mind is always united with Me.

Earlier, it was said that puruSa was formless and attributeless (without qualities) prior to creation. Our journey too is to go back to this state where there is no one else other than Self.

Source: Kapila Gita, Commentary by Swami Tejomayananda.

Friday, July 11, 2014

Happy Guru Purnima - 12th July 2014

|| Sri Guru SaraNam||

This year Guru Purnima is celebrated on 12.7.2014. Wishing you all a Happy Guru Purnima. May The grace of Guru be always upon us, may never speak egoistically in front of Guru and may our Guru never get angry with us.

Please find some selected quotes from Guru Gita.

Who is Guru?

गुरुबुध्यात्मनो नान्यत् सत्यं सत्यं वरानने |

तल्लभार्थं प्रयत्नस्तु कर्त्तवयशच मनीषिभिः ||


The Guru is not different from the conscious Self. Without doubt, this is the truth; therefore wise men should make an effort to seek knowledge of Atman from Him. (22)


नित्यं ब्रह्म निराकारं निर्गुणं बोधयेत् परम् |

भासयन् ब्रह्मभावं च दीपो दीपान्तरं यथा ||

The Guru is one who instructs the disciple about attributeless, eternal Brahman, and there by reveals the Brahmanbhava (feeling of being Brahman) in his heart just like one lamp kindles another lamp is the Guru. (75)


How to Behave in front of Guru



गुरुं त्वंकृत्य हुंकृत्य गुरुसान्निध्यभाषणः |

अरण्ये निर्जले देशे संभवेद् ब्रह्मराक्षसः ||



One who speaks to the Guru in rude or insulting manner or who wins arguments with Him is born as a demon in a jungle or in a waterless region. (61)

अद्वैतं भावयेन्नित्यं सर्वावस्थासु सर्वदा |

कदाचिदपि नो कुर्यादद्वैतं गुरुसन्निधौ ||

At all times and under all conditions one should feel the non duality of the Self but one should never have this feeling with his Guru. (62)

अपि संपूर्णतत्त्वज्ञो गुरुत्यागी भवेद्ददा |

भवेत्येव हि तस्यान्तकाले विक्षेपमुत्कटम् ||


Even though one is the knower of the entire truth (knower of all shastras); if he is a Guru Tyagi (abandoner of the Guru) he will face, at the time of death, great distraction. (64)



गुरुणां सदसद्वापि यदुक्तं तन्न लंघयेत् |

कुर्वन्नाज्ञां दिवारात्रौ दासवन्निवसेद् गुरौ ||


One should never ignore the words of the Guru, be it just or unjust. Carrying out his behests, one should live, day and night like a servant, with the Guru. (68)


On Meditation as per Guru's advice


गुरुप्रादतः स्वात्मन्यात्मारामनिरिक्षणात् |

समता मुक्तिमर्गेण स्वात्मज्ञानं प्रवर्तते ||

By steadiness in the path to liberation, by seeing one’s own Self in oneself, by the practice of introspection within and by the Grace of the Guru, the Knowledge of the Self dawns in the Sadhaka. (76)


एक एवाद्वितीयोऽहं गुरुवाक्येन निश्चितः ||

एवमभ्यास्ता नित्यं न सेव्यं वै वनान्तरम् ||

अभ्यासान्निमिषणैव समाधिमधिगच्छति |

आजन्मजनितं पापं तत्क्षणादेव नश्यति ||

On the advice of the Guru, if one meditates with firm determination on the principle of “I am one without duality” need not resort to forest for penances, and the constant practice of the above principle brings about samadhi and his sins are burnt instantaneously. (94 & 95)

Discard all conflicts in Scriptures and take refuge in Guru

तस्मात्सर्वप्रयत्नेन सर्वसंगविवर्जितः |
विहाय शास्त्रजालानि गुरुमेव समाश्रयेत् ||

Therefore discarding all kinds of contacts with people, by all possible means, giving up all conflicts of the scriptures; one should take refuge in the Guru. (103)

False Guru has to be abandoned 

ज्ञानहीनो गुरुत्याज्यो मिथ्यावादी विडंबकः |

स्वविश्रान्ति जानाति परशान्तिं करोति किम् ||


The Guru devoid of Knowledge, who indulges in falsehood and who is full of vanity should be abandoned. Because when he is not able to find peace for himself, how is he to bestow peace on others? (104)


To whom diksha is ordained by Param Guru?



दुःसंगं परित्यज्य पापकर्म परित्यजेत् |

चित्तचिह्नमिदं यस्य तस्य दीक्षा विधीयते ||


One who has abandoned the company of sinners and sinful acts, whose heart is free from sins, to him is Guru Diksha ordained. (195)


चित्तत्यागनियुक्तश्च क्रोधगर्वविवर्जितः |

द्वैतभावपरित्यागी तस्य दीक्षा विधीयते ||


One whose heart is fixed in renunciation, who is free from anger and pride, who has abandoned the feelings of duality, to such a one Diksha is ordained. (196)


एतल्लक्षणसंयुक्तं सर्वभूतहिते रतम् |

निर्मलं जीवितं यस्य तस्य दीक्षा विधीयते ||


One whose life is endowed with these characteristics, who is interested in the welfare of all beings of the world, whose life is pure and untained, to him is Diksha ordained. (197)

For more quotes, please visit all posts categorized under Guru Gita

Monday, July 7, 2014

Humble Mother Sarada Devi

Hari OM,

Not much is known about the Holy Mother, the spiritual consort of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa. Here is an extract from 'The Gospel of Holy Mother' translated by Swami Nikhilananda. Original collection of mother's saying was in bengali titled, 'Sri Sri Mayer Katha'

The following incident shows us the humbleness of holy mother. It was recorded by Sarayubala Devi

Part 1: Recorded by Sarayubala Devi Udbodhan Office, Calcutta

12th February, 1911

When I went to the Udbodhan Office on this day, I found that the Holy Mother had gone to the house of Balaram Bose. I had not to wait long before she returned. As soon as I saluted her she asked me with a smile "Who has accompanied you to-day?" "One of my nephews," I replied.

Mother: How are you today? How is your sister? You did not come for a long time. 1 was anxious about you and thought you might not be doing well.

I was surprised because I had met her once only and that just for five minutes. But she had not forgotten us. My eyes were filled with tears of joy.

The Mother said with great tenderness, "You have come here, and I was feeling restive at the house of Balaram."

I was completely taken aback. My sister Sumati had sent two woollen caps through me for 'Khude', the baby nephew of the Holy Mother. I handed them over to her. She expressed much joy at these trifles. She sat on the bed and said, "Sit by me here." I sat by her side. The Mother said with great tenderness, "It seems, my child, as if I have met you many a time before, as if we know each other for a long time." “I do not know," said I, "I was here one day only for five minutes."

The Mother laughed and began to speak highly of the devotion and sincerity of mine and my sister's. But I do not know how far I deserve those compliments. Gradually many women devotees assembled. All of them looked wistfully and with great love at the smiling and compassionate face of the Mother. I had never seen such a sight before. My mind was feasting upon the spiritual joy, when someone reminded me that the carriage was ready for my return. The Mother at once left her seat and offered me some Prasada. She held these before me and said, "Eat these!" I felt shy of eating in the presence of others without sharing. The Mother said, "Why do you hesitate? Take these sweets." I accepted the offerings in my hand. I bowed down before her and took my leave. She said "Come again. Can you go down the steps alone, or shall I go with you '?" She came with me as far as the staircase. I said, “I can go alone. You need not take trouble." The Mother said in parting, "Come another day in the morning." I returned with a sense of fulfilment and thought, "What a wonderful love!"

Source: 'The Gospel of Holy Mother' translated by Swami Nikhilananda.